In my perception, the Big Bang Theory of quantum physics and the opening lines of Japji by Guru Nanak basically state the same thing.
Guru Nanak said the words: Ek Ong Kar
Ek means One or “singularity” mentioned above. That void of oneness before the creation began.
Ong represents the sound current, the Word, the vibration. The explosion of sound that created and continually creates the creation.
Kar is all that has been created. In other words, the 100 billion galaxies that scientists have been saying are in existence is the definition of Kar. (In the last few weeks I have seen newspaper reports that scientists have revised their theory and now say there are perhaps 200,000 billion galaxies that exist.)
Then Guru Nanak said: Sat Nam
Sat means truth, and Nam means name, or identity. To my understanding, Nanak was referring to the first statement above, saying that Ek Ong Kar is our true identity; that we are a part of that infinite creative energy.
This is where science and the cosmology of the saints begin to drift apart. Except for a few hard-core quantum theory people, consciousness is not considered to be part of the equation. Why? Because it is impossible to measure it or test that it exists. Therefore, the Big Bang is thought to have just been a random happening without any intelligence behind it.
However, science has pointed out that the universe has a very exacting design to it. Otherwise a world such as the earth could not exist. The earth is around 92.96 million miles from the sun. If the earth were very slightly closer to the sun it would be far too hot for life as we know it to exist on this planet. And were it slightly further away, then it would be far too cold to support life. This seems to acknowledge a very precise intelligence behind it: the forces manifested in the Big Bang were extremely well calibrated in order to turn out the universe as it exists in all its harmony and precise mathematical precision.
Early theories of both science and religion were based on the idea of a static universe; one that was created exactly as it is now from the beginning. This was disproved when it was discovered by scientists observing planets and stars through the Hubble telescope that the universe is constantly expanding. Of course that had to be reconciled with Newton’s Law of Gravity, stating that all collections of physical matter have a gravitational attraction to each other.
It is the constant balance between these two forces that keep the universe in such a perfect balance. If gravity were the only force, then all matter (meaning all planets, stars, and galaxies) would eventually be pulled in toward one another resulting in a huge lump of matter. And if gravity did not exist, the constantly expanding nature of the universe would cause planets and stars to fly away from each other, completely destroying the magical rotation of the solar systems and galaxies that turn in perfect harmony with one another.
Stephen Hawking said it most eloquently in his book, The Theory of Everything where he says, “It would be very difficult to explain why the universe should have been created in just this way, except as the act of a God who intended to create beings like us.”
In my opinion, there is a clear body of evidence to suggest that there is intelligence behind the creation. In the ancient philosophy of the practice of yoga there is a concept called Purusha. This concept refers to pure consciousness, which is considered to be embedded in the very fabric of all creation. Many people in the Western world somehow think that humans are the only creatures with consciousness that matters, and that consciousness is somehow created by the brain.
One only has to look at the world of plants to discover that plants also have consciousness. They are sentient beings that communicate with each other. It is has been proven through multiple studies that plants communicate through chemical signals utilizing these to defend territory, send out distress calls and even recognize siblings. Their way of experiencing and communicating is very foreign to us, but they still possess a highly developed consciousness.
The concept of Purusha is that this pure consciousness exists throughout the entire creation, manifesting in myriad ways and in myriad life forms. It is said that all matter – even the rocks and stones – contain consciousness; only we are not always subtle enough in our perception to recognize it.